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Noting that parent involvement in their children's education is a crucial contributor to children's achievement, this study investigated the relations among family factors, parental involvement in children's learning activities within and outside of Head Start, and children's outcomes related to literacy, numeracy, social skills, and behavior problems. Data were collected by means of Fall and Spring parent interviews, teacher ratings of children's social skills and problem behaviors, and administration of the Woodcock Johnson Math and Letter-Word ID subscales. The findings indicated that in the Fall, parents who were most involved with their children in activities at home and in the community were more likely to include mothers with higher levels of education. Larger families tended to have less involvement in Head Start than smaller families. The level of Fall home activities was highly significantly related to Spring home activities. Parents' participation in Head Start activities over the course of the year was a significant predictor of home activities with the child in the Spring. There were no significant family demographic or activity predictors of the pre-math outcome. Family size and income were significant predictors of the literacy outcome. A family's involvement in activities with their child at home and in the community was significantly positively related to Letter-Word ID. Parent involvement in Head Start activities did not contribute to the cognitive development outcomes. Parents who reported more Head Start involvement in activities that included their child had children whom teachers rated more highly on social skills. (KB)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Problems, Emergent Literacy, Family Environment, Interpersonal Competence, Models, Numeracy, Parent Participation, Parent Role, Parent School Relationship, Parent Student Relationship, Parents, Parents as Teachers, Predictor Variables, Preschool Children, Preschool Education

Autor: Bryant, Donna; Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen; Miller-Johnson, Shari

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8188&id=ED446835

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