Chicano Literature: Expanding the Base of American Literature, Bibliography and Resources.Report as inadecuate

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This paper has 2 parts: (1) an overview of the history and chronology of Chicano literature; and (2) a review of bibliographies of Chicano literature. Chicano literature can be divided into pre-Chicano literature (1535-1959) and contemporary Chicano literature (1959 to the present). Colonial literature is that written between 1542 and the Mexican declaration of independence from Spain in 1810--this literature includes "relaciones," that is, accounts of explorations, histories, dramas, poetry, and writings of a religious nature. Luis Leal, the dean of Chicano studies, designates the period of breaking away from Spain (1810) and the United States takeover (1848) as that of moving "toward literary autonomy." Up to the 1950s, Chicano literature remained an "in-house" phenomenon, ignored by the mainstream. The 1960s was a period of uprising, described by Francisco Lomeli as the "breaking of social barriers." A major group of writers in the late 1970s became known as "the isolated generation of 1975"--characterized by their moving in disparate and innovative ways. The impact of academe, academics, and a more sophisticated audience dominate the field of Chicano literature today, setting the stage for a new internationalism and a postmodern sense of questioning human truth and values. Contains 23 notes and 86 references. (TB)

Descriptors: Bibliographies, Cultural Context, Higher Education, Literary History, Mexican American Literature, United States History

Author: Gonzalez-T., Cesar A.; Salgado, Jose


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