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When assessing quality of life satisfaction in relation to an individual's recovery from an addiction, such as alcoholism, the expressed need for spiritual well-being is frequently a significant aspect of the psychotherapeutic encounter. Some of the quantitative and qualitative aspects of spiritual well-being in recovering alcoholics are examined. The study was guided by the following questions: What is a satisfactory measure for spiritual well-being? How could such a measure be useful not only for research but for psychotherapeutic use? How might such a measure and its findings be adapted to working with addicted clients? and How do the reports of spiritual well-being of addicted individuals compare to a similar group of nonaddicted adults? After reviewing the research addressing these issues, the study designed to answer these questions is described. The study sample of 58 non-alcoholics and 50 alcoholics were administered the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWB). The SWB consists of an Existential Well-Being Scale (EWB) and a Religious Well-Being Scale (RWB). Findings indicate that the nonaddicted group scored significantly higher on the total SWB and the EWB scales, suggesting that life circumstances related to addiction and alcoholism negatively influence individuals' spiritual well-being. Results were analyzed qualitatively by interviewing recovering alcoholics on their spiritual development path. A model describing this path is presented with narrative descriptions provided by subjects in various points of their recovery. (RJM)

Descriptors: Alcoholism, Comparative Analysis, Counseling Theories, Drug Addiction, Life Satisfaction, Spiritual Development, Well Being

Autor: Miller, Geraldine A.; Russo, Thomas J.


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