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This report summarizes the national service programs and proposals discussed at the first global conference on national service held in June of 1992. Current programs include those in France and Germany where civilian service may be performed as an alternative to mandatory military service. In Nigeria university graduates perform a year of civilian service after completion of their education, while in Botswana, national service comes before attendance at a university. In Costa Rica all university students perform community service through a university program. A proposed system of national service in India would require service from government employees and college students as two groups who benefit the most from the country's resources. The goals of the conference were for those attending to become acquainted, to learn about programs in other countries, and to plan ways to stay in touch in the future. In reality, the participants were able to identify areas of general agreement and areas of difference in youth service. Several conferees presented evidence of outcomes of national service that benefited those who are served, those who serve, and society at large. Questions of responsibility for national service, the basic concept of service, and future research needs were addressed. The participants of the conference recommended international exchange and sharing of ideas and experiences as well as working together toward the development of a global youth service program that takes account of the need to implement sustainable development strategies. (DK)

Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Community Programs, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Public Service, Student Volunteers, Youth, Youth Employment, Youth Opportunities, Youth Programs

National Service Secretariat, 5140 Sherier Place, N.W., Washington, DC 20016 ($3).

Autor: Eberly, Donald J., Ed.


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