Teaching Critical Thinking A Practical Approach.Report as inadecuate

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Teaching critical thinking, a relatively new area and concept in physical education, can take the form of problem solving--the development and presentation of physical and mental problems that challenge students to reach a solution. Providing students with conceptually well-defined and designed problems can give physical education teachers an opportunity to provide an experience which addresses all domains and developmental channels. A number of models can be used to develop the critical thinking/problem solving abilities of students. They all share elements that can be distilled to a few common factors: identification of the problem, development and trial of strategies, and evaluation. This paper addresses Mosston's Spectrum of Teaching Styles which presents this type of content. The use of convergent discovery and divergent production, along with opportunities for the use of guided discovery, are what drives this type of curriculum presentation. Several examples of physical education activities utilizing divergent production and convergent discovery are presented. Each activity provides a statement of the problem, descriptions and diagrams of needed equipment and set-ups, levels of difficulty, and indications on safety precautions. (LL)

Descriptors: Class Activities, Convergent Thinking, Critical Thinking, Decision Making Skills, Discovery Learning, Divergent Thinking, Elementary Education, Evaluative Thinking, Learning Activities, Physical Education, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills

Author: Gerney, Philip E.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=8004&id=ED357016

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