Spadafore-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale: A New Instrument.Report as inadecuate

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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a perplexing disorder that is both over- and under-diagnosed. A newly published instrument designed to identify ADHD children through a comprehensive diagnostic procedure is described here. The paper opens with discussions of ADHD and medication; related consequences of ADHD, such as social skills, academics, noncompliance, and self-concept; and an overview of problems surrounding the way ADHD is currently assessed. Some suggested steps for conducting an ADHD assessment are described, including classroom observations and academic and/or social development. The new rating scale is then presented. The Spadafore-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale views ADHD as a broad childhood disorder which includes a wide range of manifested symptoms that have the potential to negatively impact a child's academic and social environment. This scale was normed on 760 students from 16 states and 37 school districts; three factors emerged and were subsequently labeled Hyperactivity/Impulsivity; Attention; and Socially Maladjusted. The Spadafore scale provides school psychologists with a reliable instrument when diagnosing children for ADHD. Attached are the Spadafore-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale; ADHD Index; ADHD Diagnosis; and ADHD Treatment. (RJM)

Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Hyperactivity, Interpersonal Competence, Questionnaires, Rating Scales

Author: Spadafore, Gerald J.; Spadafore, Sharon J.


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