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A study examined possible differences between the empathy levels of vocational and academic teachers toward students. The Hogan Empathy Scale was sent to 196 high school teachers from local school districts in the metropolitan Northeast Ohio region. A total of 123 (63%) voluntarily completed it. The responses of the vocational teachers were compared to those of the academic teachers. The academic teachers were found to have a significantly higher mean empathy level (23.62 versus 20.43 for the vocational teachers). A gender analysis of the results revealed that females had a higher mean empathy level than males (23.16 versus 20.08). Age, race, level of education, and level of experience were not found to have any statistically significant effect on empathy level. Included among the study recommendations were calls for more cooperation between vocational and academic teachers to define common teaching goals and objectives and for development of a process to determine which applicants from business and industry have greater empathy for the students they will teach. (Appended are a definition of empathy, data on the importance of individual teacher traits in keeping at-risk students in school, and comparative empathy levels of males and females.) Contains 14 references. (MN)

Descriptors: Academic Education, Comparative Analysis, Empathy, High Schools, Secondary School Teachers, Special Needs Students, Teacher Student Relationship, Vocational Education, Vocational Education Teachers

Autor: Burrell, Lewis P.

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7843&id=ED369972

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