Integrative Paradigms for Planning Preferred Futures in a Pluralistic Democracy.Reportar como inadecuado




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This paper argues for a dramatic shift in thinking in the counseling profession and society at large. The argument is divided into three major themes or integrative concepts: (1) Partnerships; (2) Inclusivity; and (3) Connectedness. The themes are prefaced by a brief survey of global trends, national and international events, and crises caused by changes. Concerning partnerships, the focus is on the dynamics between women and men. She criticizes the gender-based socialization foisted on individuals and relates how scholarship has laid bare the destructiveness of gender expectations which are still prevalent in most societies. The endemic polarization between the sexes should be reversed by emphasizing respect for others, self esteem, and a valuing of partnerships--not opposition. Inclusivity requires a revaluation of opposition. Inclusivity, she continues, requires a revaluation of scientific knowledge along with a new appreciation for qualitative investigations. Also needed is a continuing respect for racial/ethnic pluralism. Connectedness involves three aspects: (1) Holism, that is, seeking balance in one's life; (2) Spirituality, letting people know that they matter; and (3) Community, where everyone's talents are incorporated to address the world's many problems. The article lists five strategies for counselors to use in realizing these themes. (RJM)

Descriptors: Counseling, Counselor Educators, Counselors, Democratic Values, Social Attitudes, Social Change, Social Influences, Social Values, Socialization, Sociocultural Patterns











Autor: Hansen, L. Sunny

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7841&id=ED370014







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