The States Where Money Has Been Shown To Make a Difference in School Achievement.Report as inadecuate

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Production-function analysis, a correlation-based analysis, has been used for years to evaluate whether resources deposited into the educational process yielded a definitive result. For example, it has been used in several state cases as a measure of equity in educational funding. This paper is of the opinion that correlation-based analyses are not accurate reflections of the relationship between educational expenditures and student achievement and offers an alternative methodology based on t-tests and other tests of mean differences. Data from the State Departments of Education of Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and Virginia--states that have been involved in equity lawsuits--were analyzed using both production-function analysis and t-test-based methods. The data produced by tests of means differences indicate a significant relationship between instructional expenditures and student achievement, a relationship which production-function analysis failed to show. Sixteen tables are included. (Contains 23 references.) (LMI)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Causal Models, Correlation, Costs, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditure per Student, Expenditures, Research Methodology, Statistical Analysis, Validity

Author: O-Neil, John; And Others


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