Mediation of Anti-Social Adolescent Behavior by Single-Sex and Co-Educational Schooling.Reportar como inadecuado

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Many societies institute coeducational and single-sex schools to mediate adolescents' antisocial behavior. This paper details a study comparing antisocial behavior of adolescent boys and girls in coeducational schools with that of a matching group in single-sex schools in Jamaica. The study identified the 10 most common types of antisocial adolescent behavior in Jamaican secondary schools by means of individual interviews with a random sample of 112 students representing the 6 different types of secondary schools in Jamaica. These data were triangulated through interviews with principals and teachers. The prevalence of these behaviors was then determined by surveying a random sample of 1,193 adolescents from 16 representative coeducational and single-sex schools. Analysis showed that adolescent males exhibit significantly more antisocial behaviors than do adolescent females. These gender differences were less significant for verbally based antisocial behavior. Findings indicated that boys in coeducational schools were less antisocial than boys in single-sex schools, a surprising finding because students at single-sex schools generally came from the highest socioeconomic status. Adolescent girls in single-sex schools tended to be less antisocial. The paper's 4 tables list the survey results in terms of mean differences between the genders and school groups on 28 behaviors including minutes it took for teachers to settle class; respect for principal, teacher, prefects and classmates; and the prevalence for both self and friends for stealing, breaking school rules, fighting, absconding, disrespect for teachers, verbal abuse, bad language, wounding, vandalizing, fondling and clothing faults. The social problems of using coeducational schools to mediate antisocial violence among adolescent boys are also discussed. (Contains 28 references.) (JPB)

Descriptors: Adolescents, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Problems, Coeducation, Foreign Countries, Obscenity, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Sex Differences, Sexual Harassment, Single Sex Schools, Social Problems, Stealing, Student Attitudes, Vandalism, Violence

Autor: Bastick, Tony


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