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This booklet comes from a workshop, School Repetition: a Global Perspective, held in Geneva (Switzerland) in February 1995, and the subsequent dialogue. The document is the first state-of-the-art approximation on school repetition. This highly complex phenomenon assumes different characteristics in different contexts and is defined and measured in various ways. Analysis of available information reveals that repetition is a significant quantitative phenomenon throughout the developing world, that it is concentrated within the first grades of school and in schools attended by students from low-income sectors, that is has devastating social and psychological impact on students who repeat and their families, and that it has a high financial cost. This document provides a beginning for analysis of repetition on a global scale. Sections include: (1) Introduction; (2) The Dimensions of the Repetition Phenomenon; (3) Repetition: A Problem or a Solution?; (4) Factors Associated with Repetition; (5) Social Attitudes and Repetition; and (6) Various Strategies to Overcome Repetition. Charts and graphs accompany the text. (EH)

Descriptors: Basic Skills, Comparative Education, Developing Nations, Dropouts, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, School Holding Power, Student Attrition, World Affairs, World Problems

Autor: International Bureau of Education, Geneva Switzerland.


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