Spirituality of Older Adults: Expanding the Norms of an Existing Instrument.Report as inadecuate

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Spirituality and aging are two emerging areas of importance for the field of counseling. Research in the broad area of spirituality is limited. The research in spirituality and aging is even more limited. While the amount of research is growing, there are still few instruments that explicitly measure human spirituality. The purpose of this study was to examine the spirituality of a specific group of older adults for the purpose of expanding the norms of the Human Spirituality Scale (HSS), adding to its validity as a viable research instrument for study of spirituality and aging. The specific population for this study was comprised of residents (N=221) in the independent living division of a retirement community in Mississippi. Results of the analysis concluded that the HSS is reliable and appropriate for use with older adults. It found that compassion for others seems to be most important to older adults, while connection to a larger life context seems to be most important for middle-aged adults. Women scored significantly higher on the HSS than did men. An appendix contains the survey instrument. (Contains 18 references.) (ADT)

Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Counseling, Counseling Objectives, Empathy, Interpersonal Relationship, Item Analysis, Older Adults, Sex Differences, Spirituality, Validity

Author: Landrum, C. Joseph; Underwood, Joe R.

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7383&id=ED457419

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