Role Perceptions of the Rural School Counselor: A Factor Analysis.Report as inadecuate

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Role definition has historically been a problem for the school counselor. It seems critical that role definitions continue to be developed, measured, and disseminated. This study is concerned with an initial psychometric analysis of an instrument, The Counselor Role Inventory (CRI). The CRI contains 20 questions on a 5-point Likert-type scale. The instrument was designed utilizing the role statement of the American School Counselor Association, current theory in guidance and counseling, and relevant research results. The instrument contains five variables: (1) prevention; (2) remediation; (3) commitment; (4) sub-professional duties; and (5) perceived effectiveness. Instruments were mailed to 214 counselors in a 3-state area in schools containing 1 counselor who reported to a respective principal. The entire return was 154 surveys. For each item, respondents answered three times, forming three scales. The first measured whether the function was perceived as part of the ideal role of the school counselor, the second if it was typical of the present role as a school counselor, and the third pertained to the perception of how the building principal perceives the role. The instrument provides a degree of complexity, is exploratory, and as such is still in a preliminary stage of establishing reliability and validity. Counselors in this study seemed to identify a broad based ideal role based on prevention, remediation, and commitment functions that do not include sub-professional duties. (LLL)

Descriptors: Counselor Role, Elementary Secondary Education, Psychometrics, Role Perception, Rural Areas, School Counselors

Author: Stickel, Sue A.


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