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The language arts are constructed like a doughnut or a bagel, so that at their center where there might be something, there is instead a hole--emptiness. The dominant approach to understanding the nature of language--generative grammar--does not suggest a center for the language arts. An alternative approach to language and mind is "cognitive linguistics" or "cognitive grammar." Mark Turner has outlined in a number of books a general approach to the study of language and literature based in cognitive linguistics which he calls "cognitive rhetoric." A common project in cognitive grammar is often the intensive investigation of the occurrences of a single word. A central goal of Turner is to reinvigorate the study of language and literature as grounded in human cognition. Turner pursues his project by means of illustrative cases. Turner suggests other levels beyond "local" investigations of words and imagery at which knowledge of the structure and system in everyday cognition can and should inform more strictly literary inquiries. At another level, Turner suggests that the study of genre should be rethought. Turner also sketches an analysis of tense (in English) as an example of how grammatical constructions can be explicated in this framework. These ideas can provide the sort of center for the language arts that is currently missing. (Contains 21 references.) (RS)

Descriptors: Elementary Education, Generative Grammar, Language Arts, Linguistics, Tenses (Grammar)











Autor: Chametzky, Robert A.

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7300&id=ED403583







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