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The 1991 National Household Education Survey adult education component, a household-based data collection, provided estimates of adult education participation. About 32 percent of adults participated in adult education during the prior 12 months to the 1991 survey. Adults 25-54 years old, persons with a bachelor's degree or higher, and employed persons tended to participate at a higher rate. More than one-half were female; most were white. Nearly 60 percent of course taking was to improve or advance in a current job--a pattern more evident for males than females. Almost 65 percent of course taking by employed persons was to improve or advance in current jobs; 58.9 percent by those not in the labor force was for personal or social reasons; and 82 percent by unemployed persons was a requirement for a degree or diploma, training for a new job, and job improvement or advancement. Men were more likely to take courses provided by business and industry, women to take courses provided by four- or two-year colleges. Labor unions and professional associations were among the larger providers to persons working in management and professional fields. Common sources of financial support were the business community or participants. Over 60 percent of all course taking had some type of employer involvement. Nonparticipants were less likely to report barriers to participation. Work schedules, meeting times, costs, and family responsibilities were among the barriers identified. (Technical notes are appended.) (YLB)

Descriptors: Adult Education, Educational Background, Educational Needs, Educational Research, Employer Employee Relationship, Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, National Surveys, Participant Characteristics, Participation, Student Financial Aid

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, National Center for Education Statistics, 555 New Jersey Ave., N.W., Room 400, Washington, DC 20208-5654. Tel: 202-219-1831.









Autor: Kopka, Teresita L. Chan; Schantz, Nancy Borkow; Korb, Roslyn Abrevaya

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7211&id=ED434201



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