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Congress enacted the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142), in 1975, to support states and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families. Since the passage of Public Law 94-142, significant progress has been made toward meeting major national goals for developing and implementing effective programs and services for early intervention, special education, and related services. Before the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), many children were denied access to education and opportunities to learn. This archived report chronicles the first 25 years of progress since the passage of Public Law 94-142 in 1975. It describes conditions before IDEA, provides numerous illustrations of key early Federal legislation that supported improved programs and services, and outlines concrete examples of IDEA accomplishments. Four purposes of PL 94-142 are provided, and culturally relevant instructional principles that help African American students, English language learners, and other diverse students become more actively involved in their academic assignments are listed. In charting the next 25 years, this report challenges the United States to build on its previous support for equality of access and continue to expand and strengthen its support for quality programs and services. Improving educational results for children with disabilities requires a continued focus on the full implementation of IDEA to ensure that each student's educational placement and services are determined on an individual basis, according to the unique needs of each child, and are provided in the least restrictive environment. Through such sustained Federal leadership, the United States today is the world leader in early intervention and preschool programs for infants, toddlers, and preschool children with disabilities.

Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Disabilities, Equal Education, Educational Quality, Student Rights, Federal Legislation, Educational History, African American Students, Culturally Relevant Education, English Language Learners, Student Diversity, Academic Achievement, Early Intervention, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Court Litigation, Preschool Children

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education. Available from: ED Pubs. P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 202-245-7468; Web site: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/osers/index.html









Autor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=7121&id=ED556111







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