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Identity formation from a relational viewpoint is a process of internalizing the expectations, needs, and opinions of significant others while recognizing and expressing one's own needs and interests. To achieve this, adolescents must resolve disagreement between their own and others' points of view through mutual regulation between self and others. This study examined mechanisms of transition between levels of relatedness in identity formation, focusing on transition to Levels 5 and 6 in which adolescents are actively engaged in balancing one's own and others' points of view. Participants in this qualitative study were 31 Japanese female university students ages 20 and 21 years. The Ego Identity Interview was administered three times during the junior and senior years at various points during the job seeking process. The interview covered occupations, friendships, dating, and sex roles. Interview transcripts were examined within two frameworks of the development in representation of relationships and the structural transition in identity formation. Findings indicated that disagreements between one's own and others' points of view at Level 5 were marked by recognizing discrepancies between an adolescent's existing representation of relationships and a new one. This new representation was mainly provoked by a significant other's act. Negative emotional states played an important role in constructing a new representation. Once the discrepancy between the representations was recognized, the discrepancy reduction process began. Coordinating the two representations was achieved intrapsychically rather than through verbal negotiation. Findings indicated that transition in levels of relatedness was promoted by interaction between the adolescent and others and the adolescent's individual effort with specific mechanisms influenced by the sociocultural context. (KB)

Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, College Students, Females, Foreign Countries, Friendship, Higher Education, Late Adolescents, Relationship, Significant Others, Theories











Autor: Sugimura, Kazumi

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=6881&id=ED453955







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