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The present study investigated the effects of text structure in the acquisition of the concept of energy and the overcoming of specific preconceptions associated with it. Cypriot sixth-grade students read either a simple expository text that presented factual information or a refutation text that, in addition to the factual information, it also explicitly addressed two common preconceptions and proceeded to refute them. Both texts were used as adjuncts to the standard science instruction that is typically provided in the Cypriot elementary school. Students who read the refutation text outperformed students who read the expository text and students who received standard instruction only both in terms of overall learning as well as conceptual change. In contrast, the influence of the expository text was negligible and generally comparable to that of standard instruction. The implications of these results for instructional practice aimed at promoting conceptual change were discussed. Energy test is appended. (Contains 43 references.) (Author/YDS)

Descriptors: Concept Formation, Constructivism (Learning), Elementary Education, Energy, Foreign Countries, Reading, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Textbooks











Autor: Diakidoy, Irene-Anna N.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Ioannides, Christos

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=6697&id=ED464828



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