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This paper examines similarities between the goals of Aikido, a martial art, and critical thinking and argues that Aikido promotes the development of thinking in its training and practice. It applies these ideas to the gifted education curriculum. First the paper introduces characteristics of Aikido, Aikido movement and techniques. It equates goals such as self actualization and development of a sense of responsibility in both Aikido and gifted education. It notes, however, differences in the process of learning, since gifted education emphasizes higher order thinking and Aikido emphasizes experiential learning. But the paper suggests that Aikido training can develop types of critical thinking, creative thinking, and caring thinking based on knowledge gained from long practice, the freedom of movement encouraged, and interaction with one's partners. (Contains 20 references.) (DB)

Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Experiential Learning, Gifted, Perceptual Motor Coordination, Physical Education, Thinking Skills

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Autor: Choo, Lay Hiok; Jewell, Paul D.


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