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The effect of corruption on airport productive efficiency is analyzed using an unbalanced panel data of major European airports from 2003 to 2009. We first compute the residual (or net) variable factor productivity using the multilateral index number method and then apply robust cluster random effects model in order to evaluate the importance of corruption. We find strong evidence that corruption has negative impacts on airport operating efficiency; and the effects depend on the ownership form of the airport. The results suggest that airports under mixed public-private ownership with private majority achieve lower levels of efficiency when located in more corrupt countries. They even operate less efficiently than fully and/or majority government owned airports in high corruption environment. We control for economic regulation, competition level and other airports’ characteristics. Our empirical results survive several robustness checks including different control variables, three alternative corruption measures: International Country Risk Guide (ICRG) corruption index, Corruption Perception Index (CPI) and Control of Corruption Index (CCI). The empirical findings have important policy implications for management and ownership structuring of airports operating in countries that suffer from higher levels of corruption.

Keywords: Corruption effect ; European airport operating efficiency ; Residual (or net) variable factor productivity ; Ownership form ; Random effects model

Subject(s): International Relations/Trade

Public Economics

Issue Date: 2015-02

Publication Type: Working or Discussion Paper

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/198161

JEL Codes: L93; R40; H00

Series Statement: CREATE Working Papers


Record appears in: University of Laval > Center for Research on the Economics of the Environment, Agri-food, Transports and Energy (CREATE) > Working Papers

Autor: Randrianarisoa, Laingo M. ; Bolduc, Denis ; Choo, Yap Yin ; Oum, Tae H. ; Yan, Jia

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/198161?ln=en

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