Educational Attainment: Analysis by Immigrant Generation. IZA Discussion Paper Series.Report as inadecuate

Educational Attainment: Analysis by Immigrant Generation. IZA Discussion Paper Series. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

This paper presents a theoretical and empirical analysis of the largely ignored issue of the determinants of the educational attainment of adults by immigrant generation. Using Current Population Survey (CPS) data, differences in educational attainment are analyzed by immigrant generation (first, second, and higher order generations), and among the foreign born by country of birth and age at immigration. Second generation American adults have the highest level of schooling, exceeding that of the foreign born and of the native born with native born parents. Teenage immigration is associated with fewer years of schooling compared to those who immigrated at pre-teen or post-teen ages. The gender difference in educational attainment is greatest among the foreign born. A considerable heterogeneity exists among immigrants depending on their country of origin. Immigrants from Africa, South and East Asia, Philippines, and North and Western Europe obtain over a year more of schooling than their U.S.-born counterparts and immigrants from English-speaking countries. In contrast, immigrants from Mexico and Southern Europe obtain significantly less schooling than native-born adults and immigrants from English-speaking countries. Hispanics and Blacks lag behind the non-Hispanic Whites in their educational attainment, with the gap narrowing for higher order immigrant generations among Hispanics, but rising among Blacks. (Contains 40 references and 10 figures/tables.) (SM)

Descriptors: Age Differences, Blacks, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Human Capital, Immigrants, Sex Differences

IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Tel: 49-228-3894-0; Fax: 49-22803894-210; e-mail: iza[at]

Author: Chiswick, Barry R.; DebBurman, Noyna


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