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While a nationwide study of vision problems in children has not been conducted in over 30 years, the most recent NHIS (National Health Interview Survey) study shows vision problems are common in children, with an estimated 13.5 million children ages 0-17 affected. As of 2002, 30 states plus the District of Columbia "required" vision screening in elementary schools or for all school-aged children. Eleven states "recommended" vision screenings. Even with these recommendations and requirement, only a small percentage of preschool and school age children actually receive the recommended or required tests. This paper discusses what schools, parents, and communities can do to help children with vision problems.

Descriptors: Children, Vision, Vision Tests, Screening Tests, Teacher Role, Identification, Visual Impairments, Socioeconomic Status, Context Effect, Access to Health Care

Center for Health and Health Care in Schools. 2121 K Street NW Suite 250, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-466-3396; Fax: 202-466-3467; e-mail: chhcs[at]; Web site:

Autor: Center for Health and Health Care in Schools


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