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International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, v9 n2 p43-56 2008

The number of highly skilled Africans leaving their country of origin, many with PhDs, has reached disturbing proportions. Meanwhile, Africa spends billions per year to fill the capacity gaps that are created by the exodus of the highly skilled. In Africa, Ethiopia ranked first in terms of rate of loss of human capital. Many African governments are unable to match salaries or offer incentives to draw the highly skilled to return home in this context. The article focuses on the knowledge Diaspora, and the possibilities that exist to offset the potential impact of brain drain on their country of origin. The paper examines pathways for the mobilisation of the African Intellectual Diasporas, in particular the Ethiopian knowledge Diaspora, by addressing the main factors that played a role in shaping the new direction of the brain drain phenomenon. (Contains 2 figures.)

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Brain Drain, Human Capital, Developing Nations, Migration Patterns, Occupational Mobility, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Employment Opportunities, Compensation (Remuneration), Comparative Education, International Education, College Graduates, Study Abroad, Educational Policy, Social Networks, Internet, Information Technology, Economic Development, Economics, Social Action, Professional Occupations

Australian and New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society. ANZCIES Secretariat, Curtin University, Box U1987, Perth, WA Australia. Tel: +61-8-9266-7106; Fax: +61-8-9266-3222; e-mail: editor[at]; Web site:

Autor: Amazan, Rose C.


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