School Nurses on the Front Line: Challenges in Meeting the Diverse Health Needs of Rural Pennsylvania School ChildrenReportar como inadecuado




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Center for Rural Pennsylvania

School nurses are the health professionals most consistently involved with the health needs of children, particularly in rural areas where primary care providers are less likely to be located. To understand the scope and effectiveness of nursing services for school districts throughout Pennsylvania, the researchers conducted a study in 2005 to: (1) identify and evaluate state policy standards for nurses in Pennsylvania schools; (2) identify current school nurse-student staffing levels in Pennsylvania school districts, including demographic, economic, and social characteristics of the school districts that are served; (3) quantify the health care services provided by nurses in rural and urban schools; (4) evaluate the effectiveness of school nurses in meeting students' health care needs; and (5) formulate policy considerations that facilitate effective health promotion among children in rural Pennsylvania schools. This project provides information about the scope and effectiveness of nursing services for school districts throughout Pennsylvania. Special emphasis is placed on rural areas, where school nurses are likely to function with more limited resources, more severe time constraints due to lower staffing levels, and fewer health professional colleagues in the community with whom to collaborate. (Contains 11 figures and 4 footnotes.)

Descriptors: Health Needs, Health Promotion, Rural Schools, School Districts, Child Health, Urban Schools, Social Characteristics, School Nurses, State Policy, Student Needs, State Standards, Institutional Characteristics

Center for Rural Pennsylvania. 200 North Third Street Suite 600, Harrisburg, PA 17101. Tel: 717-787-9555; Fax: 717-772-3587; e-mail: info[at]ruralpa.org; Web site: http://www.rural.palegislature.us





Autor: Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Davis, Lisa A.; Smith, Carol A.

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=5342&id=ED540870







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