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Abiotic stresses observed in the village Kaudikol , district Cuttack, Orissahave been recorded for 8 years and analysed. Survey data collected forfour years (1996-97 to 1999-2000) from the farmers of this village have beenanalysed to find out their livelihood system, importance of rice in thissystem and the coping mechanisms followed by them in case of loss tothe kharif rice crop. The abiotic stresses have been found to cause flood/ submergence to different degrees in 5 years, drought in 3 years andcyclone in one year out of the total 8 years, causing production losses torice. The maximum losses to rice crop have been observed during 1999kharif season due to cyclone. It has been found that rice is the major cropduring the kharif season, covering up to 79 per cent of the total cultivatedarea with contribution of 21 per cent to total income. Service has beenfound to be the most important source of income, followed by rice andbusiness. The average annual income of the farmers has been noticed tovary from Rs 23,329 for marginal farmers to Rs 84,072 for large farmers overthe period 1997-98 to 1999-2000. Rice has been found to be the majorsource of income for medium than other categories of farmers. For largefarmers, salaried job has been observed as the most important source ofincome. The marginal and small farmers have been found to compensatetheir rice income loss from sources like wage earnings, jute and rabi/summer rice.Through non-farm income and crop diversification, the farmers have beenable to reduce the effect of rice income losses to some extent. Therefore,more non-farm employment opportunities should be created in this area toincrease income and living standard of the farmers. Development ofsubmergence-tolerant varieties with high-yield is the priority area for riceresearch in this area. There is also a need to introduce crop insurancescheme for rice crop in this area.

Subject(s): Agricultural and Food Policy

Issue Date: 2005

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: Published in: Agricultural Economics Research Review, Volume 18, Conference Number Page range: 61-72

Total Pages: 12

Record appears in: Agricultural Economics Research Association (India) > Agricultural Economics Research Review

Agricultural Economics Research Review

Autor: Samal, Parshuram ; Pandey, Sushil


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