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Learning content and ideas while learning to read should be integrated, not separate, elements. Individualized reading emphasizes that students engage in holistic reading instruction. First, a student selects a library book from among several genres. After completing the reading of the book, the student has a conference with the classroom teacher. Critical and creative thinking, as well as problem solving, may be used in the conference. Holism emphasizes that the contents of the entire library book are read and then discussed. In addition to individualized reading, the big book procedure (especially suitable for young children) may be used. A third procedure in holism instruction involves a language experience approach. For each of these three procedures, the teacher may bring in phonics as desired at the end of the reading activity, such as in a game that is being played. There are two other methods of using the whole word method in reading instruction: sustained silent reading, and taking home books from the library to read. Basal readers have their values in helping students become proficient and knowledgeable readers. The basal reader is a neutral device, neither good nor bad, but its effective use, as with all textbooks which are developmentally appropriate, depends upon the teacher's skill in assisting students to enjoy reading and learn content as background information. With a skillful teacher, it is possible to provide enjoyable, holistic experiences to students in reading instruction. (NKA)

Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, Holistic Approach, Instructional Effectiveness, Phonics, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Teacher Role

Autor: Ediger, Marlow


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