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Educational Testing Service

In this important and sobering report, the authors provide a broad perspective on the U.S. prison population and offer judgments about the status of prison education programs. This report brings together data and information from a variety of sources to provide an educational perspective on the nation's prison population. It examines the size and nature of that population and provides information on trends when possible. The report also describes the limited information that is available on the prison education enterprise and summarizes what is known about the effects of education and training on recidivism. Finally, it provides a perspective on the children whose development and lives are negatively affected by incarceration and on the plight of young Black males, who are increasingly coming into contact with the correctional system. The growing prison population is described in the first section of this report and is followed by a description of the juvenile detention system. The third section, on the prison education enterprise, discusses the limited information that is available on the size and characteristics of correctional education programs across the states. The accumulating evidence on the effectiveness of correctional education programs is described next. Re-entry programs, increasing in response to the surging outflow of prisoners to society, are described in the following section. Often neglected in the policy debate, the effects of parental incarceration on children are described next; this section is followed by a discussion on the predominance of Black males in correctional institutions. Some overall conclusions are drawn in the last section. (Contains 14 figures and 5 tables.)

Descriptors: Juvenile Justice, Correctional Institutions, Program Effectiveness, Correctional Education, Institutionalized Persons, African Americans, Youth, Males, Disproportionate Representation, Public Policy, Debate, Correctional Rehabilitation, Family Problems, Parent Child Relationship, Recidivism, Literacy

Educational Testing Service. Rosedale Road Mailstop 19R, Princeton, NJ 08541-0001. Tel: 609-921-9000; Fax: 609-734-5410; Web site: http://www.ets.org

Autor: Coley, Richard J.; Barton, Paul E.

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=4781&id=ED496101

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