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This study contributes to the debate regarding the competitiveness of developing countries in the context ofglobalization. To take advantage of this trend, developing countries will have to position themselves properlythrough new policies and efficiency in production. In Benin, new orientation of agricultural policy concernsthe diversification of exported products. Therefore, and due to the decrease of international price of cottonwhich represents the main exported crop, cashew nut, the second exported crop by Benin, becomes moreinteresting for government policy. The study quantified cashew nut production farmers’ efficiency using astochastic production frontier and a cost function combined with numerical classification. Primary datawere collected from a stratified random sample of 262 farmers in Benin. Using numerical classification, wedistinguished three classes from cashew nut producers with an average plantation area of 3.6; 8.9 and 20hectares. The results showed that scale effect was absent because larger farmers were not more efficientthan the small ones. Results also revealed significant inefficient of input use in cashew nut production inBenin. Yet, about 39 % and 61 % of the cashew nuts’ farmers were technically and economically inefficient,respectively, indicating that farmers could increase output and households income through better use ofavailable resources. The study also revealed that the farmers who were technically and economicallyinefficient have less experience in of cashew nut production, less contact with the extension structure and arenot member of a farmers’ association.

Keywords: Benin ; efficiency analysis ; exported products ; cashew nut ; policy

Subject(s): Crop Production/Industries

Issue Date: 2010-11-01T20:16:55Z

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: Page range: 1-17

Total Pages: 17

Record appears in: African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) > 2010 AAAE Third Conference/AEASA 48th Conference, September 19-23, 2010, Cape Town, South Africa

Autor: Arouna, Aminou ; Adegbola, Patrice Ygue ; Adekambi, Souleimane Adeyemi


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