Glucocorticoid-induced microRNA-511 protects against TNF by down-regulating TNFR1Reportar como inadecuado

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(2015)EMBO MOLECULAR MEDICINE.7(8).p.1004-1017 Mark abstract TNF is a central actor during inflammation and a well-recognized drug target for inflammatory diseases. We found that the mouse strain SPRET/Ei, known for extreme and dominant resistance against TNF-induced shock, displays weak expression of TNF receptor 1 protein (TNFR1) but normal mRNA expression, a trait genetically linked to the major TNFR1 coding gene Tnfrsf1a and to a locus harbouring the predicted TNFR1-regulating miR-511. This miRNA is a genuine TNFR1 regulator in cells. In mice, overexpression of miR-511 down-regulates TNFR1 and protects against TNF, while anti-miR-511 up-regulates TNFR1 and sensitizes for TNF, breaking the resistance of SPRET/Ei. We found that miR-511 inhibits endotoxemia and experimental hepatitis and that this miR is strongly induced by glucocorticoids and is a true TNFR1 modulator and thus an anti-inflammatory miR. Since minimal reductions of TNFR1 have considerable effects on TNF sensitivity, we believe that at least part of the anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorti-coids are mediated by induction of this miR, resulting in reduced TNFR1 expression.

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Autor: Leen Puimège, Filip Van Hauwermeiren , Sophie Steeland , Sara Van Ryckeghem, Jolien Vandewalle , Sofie Lodens , Lien Dejager, Sof



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