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As much as seventy times more water is needed to grow food than for domestic use. Severely waterscarce countries such as Egypt do not have enough water to grow their own food and need to import food from elsewhere. Countries like the USA, Australia, China, India, Mexico and Turkey have made massive investments to build dams and develop irrigation systems. As a direct consequence, the famines predicted for India have not occurred and world food prices are lower than ever. But rivers are drying up, groundwater levels are falling dramatically, and water pollution is rampant near most Asian cities. All water that falls as rain serves a purpose in nature. If farmers don’t have an incentive to conserve water, over-use is the likely consequence and nature pays the price. Good government policy helps water move from lower to higher-value uses. Where water gets scarcer, agricultural use that generate only cents of value per cubic metre needs to shift to highervalue uses, or to return the water to nature. Research can help determine the value of water in alternative uses, even for nature. Agricultural research also works to increase the value of water in agriculture. A combination of smart engineering and agronomy can drive the water needed to produce a kilogram of rice down from 2000 to as little as 500 litres. To keep agriculture competitive and sustainable, a 50% increase in the value of water in agriculture will be necessary — and is feasible — worldwide over the next two decades.

Subject(s): Environmental Economics and Policy

Food Security and Poverty

Resource /Energy Economics and Policy

Issue Date: 2006

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/124461

Total Pages: 10

Record appears in: Crawford Fund > 2006: Water for Irrigated Agriculture and the Environment: Finding a Flow for All, 16 August 2006





Autor: Rijsberman, Frank ; Molden, David J.

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/124461?ln=en







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