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More people in the world to feed, rising wealth anda new focus on healthy foods are generating a risingtide of demand for fish. This rise in demand ishappening just when the main sources of fish andother aquatic life are struggling to keep pace, andprices of many aquatic commodities are increasing.Fish is caught from natural or wild fisheries stocks,from enhanced and restored fisheries stocks and iscultured on farms. All sources of supply presenteconomic opportunities but each faces major problems.Most natural fish stocks are heavily depletedalready, and continue to be over-exploited becausefisheries management is inadequate to counter thedrive to exploit. Aquaculture has made great progressin some countries, largely driven by marketsand specific innovations but ignoring externalitiessuch as the environment, feeds and social equity.Stock restoration and stock enhancement showpromise for some species and some environmentsbut have received little development attention.Whether the poor will rise on or submerge underthe tide of fish demand depends on how affordablefish remains, and what access they have to themeans of fish production for income and livelihood.Policy, technical and business solutions areneeded to help the poor meet the challenges. Thesolutions are location and country-specific, but advancesshould be sought on three fronts: (1) domesticatingkey species for aquaculture productionsystems and selecting good candidate species forrestoring and enhancing stocks in the wild, (2)making fish trade, development assistance andfisheries cooperation strategies coherent to enhancedeveloping country capacity to capture equitablebenefits of fish trade, and (3) managingnatural fisheries resources to restore them andmake them sustainable.

Subject(s): Food Security and Poverty

Resource /Energy Economics and Policy

Issue Date: 2004

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier:

Total Pages: 11

Record appears in: Crawford Fund > 2004: Fish, Aquaculture and Food Security: Sustaining Fish as a Food Supply, 11 August 2004

Autor: Williams, Meryl J.


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