Understanding and Choosing Assessments and Developmental Screeners for Young Children Ages 3-5: Profiles of Selected Measures. OPRE Report #2011-23Reportar como inadecuado

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Administration for Children & Families

The 2007 reauthorization of Head Start requires Head Start programs to use child assessments and developmental screeners that are developmentally, linguistically, and culturally appropriate, as well as valid and reliable in the language in which they are used. This can be a challenge, since very few child assessment tools are developed or tested with linguistically and culturally diverse samples or with samples of children with disabilities. This compendium has been created to address this need and to promote the use of reliable and valid assessment data, wherever possible, in Head Start and other early childhood programs. This document has three purposes. First, the compendium aims to help Head Start managers and other early childhood education administrators review information regarding the reliability and validity of commonly used assessment and developmental screening tools in order to help them better select appropriate tools for the populations they serve. Second, the compendium aims more generally to increase awareness about reliability and validity and how to evaluate whether an instrument is reliable and valid for the population and purpose for which it will be used. Finally, the compendium aims to highlight areas in which the early childhood field is lacking information on reliability and validity of early childhood assessments and developmental screeners. While originally developed in response to Head Start's reauthorization, the compendium is designed to be useful to managers and staff who work in different types of early childhood education programs and who are responsible for selecting and evaluating assessment or screening instruments. This compendium is meant to aid by doing the following: (1) Summarize information from the assessment and developmental screening instruments most commonly used by Head Start programs for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds; (2) Share reliability and validity data as it relates to key populations of children, including dual language learners and children with disabilities, as well as the children served in American Indian/Alaska Native and Migrant and Seasonal Head Start programs; and (3) Translate information on reliability and validity in a way that is quicker and easier for Head Start managers and others to understand and use. The compendium also has a broader goal: to increase understanding of reliability and validity more generally among Head Start and early childhood managers. The following are appended: (1) Glossary of Terms; and (2) Psychometric Documentation and Rationale.

Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Children, Disabilities, Evaluation Methods, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Screening Tests, Child Development, Early Childhood Education, Bilingualism, English Language Learners, American Indian Students, Alaska Natives, Migrant Children, Guides, Psychometrics, Federal Legislation, Test Selection

Administration for Children & Families. US Department of Health and Human Services, 370 L'Enfant Promenade SW, Washington, DC 20447. Web site: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/

Autor: Halle, Tamara; Zaslow, Martha; Wessel, Julia; Moodie, Shannon; Darling-Churchill, Kristen

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=4494&id=ED566870

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