Ice and Sand: Linking the Sandbox to Geographic Features in Elementary Social Studies ClassroomsReportar como inadecuado

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International Journal of Social Education, v23 n2 p35-44 Fall-Win 2008

Glaciers are an excellent subject for elementary social studies classes. Their effects are easy for students to model with inexpensive teaching supplies, such as sand and ice. Students can conduct research nationally with virtual field trips or locally with real field trips. The models and research can be used as starting point for a discussion of how the impact of glaciations on land had affected individuals and communities--how people encountered the land and respond to it though labor, industry, and recreation. Students use knowledge about glacial action to discover how the forces of nature changed their environment. To find out more about glacial action on land forms, student may manipulate ice and sand, use models for understanding the land, predict and question their experience, and respond with their observations. Additionally, students use models as a foundation that readies them for experience with text and serve as a mnemonic helping them to recall and interpret existing information and incorporating new information. (Contains 6 notes.)

Descriptors: Field Trips, Social Studies, Elementary School Students, Models, Teaching Methods, Computer Simulation, Land Settlement, Recreation, Prediction, Class Activities, Mnemonics, Recall (Psychology), Climate, Geography

International Journal of Social Education. Ball State University, Department of History, Muncie, IN 47306. Tel: 765-285-8700; Fax: 765-285-5612; Web site:

Autor: Morris, Ronald Vaughan


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