The Effect of Different Types of Diet on Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Greece Report as inadecuate

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Diet modifications are explored for the mitigation of greenhouse gases emissions worldwide. The current paper aims at estimating the carbon footprint of the diet of the Greek consumers in 2011. Based on food items consumption data, equivalent CO2 emission factors, the total carbon footprint associated with the per capita Greek diet patterns is calculated. Data for this task are retrieved from readily available resources of existent literature. The per capita carbon footprint resulting from the consumption of food items in Greece in 2011 for the reference scenario is calculated to be 1,827.4 kg CO2/y. In addition, alternative diet scenarios are proposed, their carbon footprint is calculated and suggestions are made for possible sustainable dietary changes. The results indicate that transition to a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet constitutes a very drastic change towards mitigating greenhouse gases. However its acceptance by the public is very questionable. Thus, the second alternative scenario, which anticipates the substitution of beef by mainly pork and chicken, becomes more relevant. These results could serve as a yardstick for policy interventions aiming at reducing GHG emissions via diet modifications in Greece.

Keywords: diet ; scenario ; GHG ; Greece

Editor(s): Schiefer, Gerhard

Rickert, Ursula

Subject(s): Agribusiness

Issue Date: 2016-02

Publication Type: Journal Article

DOI and Other Identifiers: ISSN 2194-511X (Other)

PURL Identifier: Published in: International Journal on Food System Dynamics, Volume 07, Number 1 Page range: 36-49

Total Pages: 14

Record appears in: International Center for Management, Communication, and Research > International Journal on Food System Dynamics

Author: Abeliotis, Konstadinos ; Costarelli, Vassiliki ; Anagnostopoulos, Konstadinos


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