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Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, v38 n4 p537 Win 2005

Some individuals who engage in self-injurious behavior (SIB) also exhibit self-restraint. In the present study, a series of three functional analyses were conducted to determine the variables that maintained a participant's SIB, one without restraint items available, one with a preferred and effective form of self-restraint (an airplane pillow) available noncontingently, and one with this item delivered contingent on SIB. Results suggested that SIB was reinforced by escape and by access to self-restraint materials, self-restraint appeared to be maintained by automatic reinforcement, and continuous access to highly preferred restraint materials effectively suppressed SIB.

Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Self Control, Social Reinforcement, Social Science Research

Department of Applied Behavioral Science, 1000 Sunnyside Ave., KU, Lawrence, KS 66045-2133. Web site:

Autor: Rooker, Griffin W.; Roscoe, Eileen M.


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