Decreased soluble guanylate cyclase contributes to cardiac dysfunction induced by chronic doxorubicin treatment in miceReportar como inadecuado

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(2017)ANTIOXIDANTS & REDOX SIGNALING.26(4).p.153-164 Mark abstract Aims: The use of doxorubicin, a potent chemotherapeutic agent, is limited by cardiotoxicity. We tested the hypothesis that decreased soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) enzyme activity contributes to the development of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. Results: Doxorubicin administration (20 mg/kg, intraperitoneally [IP]) reduced cardiac sGC activity in wild-type (WT) mice. To investigate whether decreased sGC activity contributes to doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, we studied mice with cardiomyocyte-specific deficiency of the sGC alpha 1-subunit (mice with cardiomyocyte-specific deletion of exon 6 of the sGC alpha 1 allele [sGC alpha 1(-/-CM)]). After 12 weeks of doxorubicin administration (2 mg/kg/week IP), left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction was greater in sGC alpha 1(-/-CM) than WT mice. To further assess whether reduced sGC activity plays a pathogenic role in doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, we studied a mouse model in which decreased cardiac sGC activity was induced by cardiomyocyte-specific expression of a dominant negative sGC alpha 1 mutant (DNsGC alpha 1) upon doxycycline removal (Tet-off). After 8 weeks of doxorubicin administration, DNsGC alpha 1(tg/+), but not WT, mice displayed LV systolic dysfunction and dilatation. The difference in cardiac function and remodeling between DNsGC alpha 1(tg/+) and WT mice was even more pronounced after 12 weeks of treatment. Further impairment of cardiac function was attenuated when DNsGC alpha 1 gene expression was inhibited (beginning at 8 weeks of doxorubicin treatment) by administering doxycycline. Furthermore, doxorubicin-associated reactive oxygen species generation was higher in sGC alpha 1-deficient than WT hearts. Innovation and Conclusion: These data demonstrate that a reduction in cardiac sGC activity worsens doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in mice and identify sGC as a potential therapeutic target. Various pharmacological sGC agonists are in clinical development or use and may represent a promising approach to limit doxorubicin-associated cardiotoxicity.

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Autor: Sara Vandenwijngaert, Melissa Swinnen, Ann-Sophie Walravens, Manu Beerens, Hilde Gillijns, Ellen Caluwe, Robert E Tainsh, Daniel I



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