Issues and Methodologies in Large-Scale Assessments. Special Issue 2: Measuring Students Family Background in Large-Scale International Education Studies. IERI Monograph SeriesReportar como inadecuado




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International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement

The relationship between students' family background and achievement is often seen as an important topic in regard to equality and equity of educational provision. The results of various education studies show that the family background of students correlates with students' academic achievement at school. This paper focuses on the measurement of students' family background within large-scale international studies of education. The intent of this paper is to provide a summary and evaluation of the different ways and concepts of measuring students' family background. It focuses on international large-scale assessment studies using data from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) as well as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). In addition to summarizing the different approaches to measuring family background, the paper attempts to evaluate these approaches with regard to the quality of the data collected across countries by using criteria such as response rate, the extent of the relationship between students' family background and achievement, and the reliability of the derived scales. These criteria are also used to compare the different approaches to measuring family background in large-scale international education studies. The paper furthermore tries to identify best practice and provide suggestions on how to improve the measurement of family background within the context of a variety of premises underpinning large-scale international education studies, such as the research questions being explored and the costs of conducting this type of research.

Descriptors: International Assessment, Family Characteristics, Student Characteristics, Measurement, Reading Tests, Achievement Tests, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Tests, Science Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Response Rates (Questionnaires), Test Reliability, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Educational Attainment, Parent Background, Occupations, Language, Grade 4, Grade 8

International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement. Herengracht 487, Amsterdam, 1017 BT, The Netherlands. Tel: +31-20-625-3625; Fax: +31-20-420-7136; e-mail: department[at]iea.nl; Web site: http://www.iea.nl





Autor: Brese, Falk; Mirazchiyski, Plamen

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=4069&id=ED561898







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