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Since 1995, a liberalization process - the so- called Barcelona Process - has begun in theMediterranean area. It aims at establishing a free trade area for 2010 in the Mediterranean Basin.For the moment the full liberalization concerns industrial product s trade whereas agricultureremains sensitive. Among agricultural product s, the fruit and vegetables (F&V) sector is essentialfor Mediterranean countries and the EU is their first trading partner. In this context, twoquestions arise: Firstly, to what extent protection influence trade for the med countries, comparedto the other countries? Secondly, what would be the impacts of a greater liberalization on F&Vtrade between the EU and Mediterranean Countries?Our model, based on the new development s of gravity equation focuses on the difficulties facedby the Mediterranean countries to enter on the EU market, compared to the other EU partners,considering the relative impact of the different trade costs. It is estimated at the product level, ina sector with a huge specificity: some product s may be very perishable and thus particularly timesensitive. The Mediterranean basin appears as a highly heterogeneous country bloc. Beside theactual level of preferences allowed by the EU, two main elements vary according to the exportingcountry: its tariff sensitivity and its non- tariff trade resistance. Thus, with respect to theEuromed liberalization, the higher the tariff sensitivity the higher the impact of liberalization ontrade and this impact can be limited by a high trade resistance (NTB, logistic constraints


Keywords: Fruit and Vegetables ; EU-Med agreement ; gravity models ; transport cost ; tariffs

Subject(s): International Relations/Trade


Issue Date: 2006

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier:

Total Pages: 16

Series Statement: Seminar Paper

Record appears in: European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE) > 98th Seminar, June 29-July 2, 2006, Chania, Crete, Greece

Autor: Emlinger, Charlotte ; Lozza, Emmanuelle Chevassus ; Jacquet, Florence


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