Does Variation in the Extent of Generalized Trust, Individual Education and Extensiveness of Social Security Policies Matter for Maximization of Subjective Well-BeingReportar como inadecuado




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International Journal of Research in Education and Science, v2 n2 p371-378 Sum 2016

In this paper, I examine whether generalized trust and education, as well as social security policies of welfare state institutions matter for cross-national differences in subjective well-being (SWB), because knowledge on this issue is still lacking. For this purpose I integrated the insights of two sociological theories: Social Function Production theory and Actor-Centred Institutionalism. Based on these theoretical notions we derived several hypotheses, which I tested using multilevel analysis of the data from the European Social Survey (2006), in a sample of 37,237 respondents from 22 European countries. My findings indicate that various extensiveness of social security policies matter for the level of SWB, and for the impact of education on SWB. I found negative impact of low education on SWB in all countries, except in Northern and Western European countries. This might suggest that social security policies of the latter countries have diminished the negative impact of low education on SWB. Moreover, my findings indicate positive relationship between individual education and generalized trust; as well as between generalized trust and SWB in countries with all five types of social security policies.

Descriptors: Well Being, Federal Programs, Public Policy, Welfare Services, Foreign Countries, Life Satisfaction, Surveys, Data Collection, Interviews, Response Rates (Questionnaires), Psychological Patterns, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Multiple Regression Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Trust (Psychology), Cross Cultural Studies, Social Indicators, Comparative Analysis, Scores

International Journal of Research in Education and Science. Necmettin Erbakan University, Ahmet Kelesoglu Education Faculty, Meram, Konya 42090 Turkey. e-mail: ijresoffice[at]gmail.com; Web site: http://www.ijres.net





Autor: Valeeva, Rania F.

Fuente: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=3998&id=EJ1105124







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