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In Burundi, more than 90% of the active population is engaged in family agriculture, which plays a vital role in foodproduction and constitutes more than 50% of the GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was deemed the “breadbasket ofthe country”, as the region fed many parts of Burundi through growing particular foods such as legumes and cereals. Familyfarming was market-oriented. Kirundo alone includes 8 lakes which offer opportunities for field irrigation. Today, this regionis the first province in Burundi which shows a high rate of malnutrition, as poverty has increased and a sharp 53.9 % decline inagricultural production has been witnessed between 1996 and 2009. The aim of this article is to analyse the role of social capitalthrough the local association network in improving family agriculture and the resilience to climate change and conflict crisis.In this study, 73 farmers were surveyed in Kirundo province through means of a questionnaire, and the study was completed bycollecting secondary data. Analysis of the data reveals that, despite recurrent droughts in that region which caused deaths dueto famines and displacement of people to neighbouring countries such as Rwanda and Tanzania, 44% of the farmers who weresurveyed were shown to have resilience to climate change. The analysis of data shows that these farmers were members of wellorganised local associations, and had learned about specific topics such as financial management, processing and storage ofagricultural products and livestock. The social capital network positively influences their income and their resilience to climatechange and conflict crisis.

Keywords: Rural resilience ; social capital ; family agriculture ; Kirundo Province ; Burundi

Subject(s): Agribusiness

Agricultural Finance

Community/Rural/Urban Development

Labor and Human Capital

Issue Date: 2013

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: Published in: Volume 07, Number 2-3

APSTRACT: Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce Page range: 121-125

Total Pages: 5

Series Statement: 7


Record appears in: International MBA Network in Agribusiness and Commerce (AGRIMBA) > APSTRACT: Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce

Autor: Minani, Bonaventure ; Rurema, Déo-Guide ; Lebailly, Philippe


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