Community Treatment Programs for Juveniles: A Best-Evidence SummaryReport as inadecuate

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International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, v2 n2 p286-304 Spr 2006

A significant challenge facing the juvenile justice system is the task of transitioning and reintegrating juveniles from youth corrections facilities back into the community. This challenge, in part, is related to determining whether the referred community programs are effective. This article summarizes the literature on the effectiveness of community programs for juveniles involved in the justice system, including defining characteristics of evidence-based programs and examining the relationship between youth characteristics and evidence-based practices. Model evidence-based programs are reviewed, providing a description of respective programs, treatment targets, and their outcomes. Limitations of evidence-based programs will be discussed and recommendations for the field will be summarized.

Descriptors: Community Programs, Juvenile Justice, Rehabilitation, Transitional Programs, Program Effectiveness, Delinquency, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Program Evaluation, Outcomes of Treatment, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification, Motivation, Positive Reinforcement, Skill Development, Feedback (Response), Intervention, Family Environment, Family Influence, Environmental Influences, Minority Groups, Foster Care

Joseph Cautilli, Ph.D. & The Behavior Analyst Online Organization. 535 Queen Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147-3220. Tel: 215-462-6737; Web site:

Author: Underwood, Lee A.; von Dresner, Kara Sandor; Phillips, Annie L.


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