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Recent studies have examined the relationships between agricultural innovations and rural povertyin LDCs, concentrating on either exchange or nonexchange inoome. However, neither approach is adequate ifemployed independently. Growing concen~ration of control of land and the effects. of components of newagricultural technology on ancillary resources are docwnented for Bangladesh. Access to land and other naturalresources by the rural poor is gradually diminishing. Increasing landlessness and near landlessness have resulted ingreater dependence on wage employment for subsistence. However, agricultural wages, being close to thesubsistence level, provide little scope for carry-over into periods of slack agrirultural activity. Even though realwages may be trending upwards slightly. much of their effect on rural poverty is neutralized because of seasonalityin employment and real wages. The nonexchange component of income is important in slack periods and maybecome critical in abnormal years when both real wages and employment fall sharply. With rapid populationgrowth and resource depletion and greater penerration of technological and market forces, access to natural resourceswith a cushioning effect on the rural poor in adverse circumstances has become more limited and income securityhas been undennlned.

Subject(s): Food Security and Poverty

International Development

Issue Date: 1989

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: Page range: 247-254

Total Pages: 8

Record appears in: International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) > 1989 Occasional Paper Series No. 5

Autor: Alauddin, Mohammad ; Tisdell, Clem


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