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While many community-driven development (CDD) initiatives may besuccessful, their impact is often limited by their small scale. Building on past andongoing work on CDD, this study addresses the fundamental question: how can CDDinitiatives motivate and empower the greatest number of communities to take control oftheir own development? What are the key contextual factors, institutional arrangements,capacity elements, and processes related to successful scaling-up of CDD, and,conversely, what are the main constraints or limiting factors, in different contexts?Drawing upon recent literature and the findings from five case studies, key lessons onhow best to stimulate, facilitate, and support the scaling-up of CDD in differentsituations, along with some major challenges, are highlighted.Lessons include the need for donors and supporters of CDD, includinggovernments, to think of the process beyond the project, and of transformation ortransition rather than exit. Donor push and community pull factors need to be balanced toprevent supply-driven, demand-driven development. Overall, capacity is pivotal tosuccessful CDD and its successful scaling-up over time. Capacity is more than simplyresources, however; it also includes motivation and commitment, which, in turn, requireappropriate incentives at all levels. Capacity development takes time and resources, butit is an essential upfront and ongoing investment, with the capacity and commitment offacilitators and local leaders being particularly important. A learning by doingculture-one that values adaptation, flexibility, and openness to change needs to befostered at all levels, with time horizons adjusted accordingly. The building of a libraryof well-documented, context-specific experiences through good monitoring, evaluation,and operational research will be useful in advocating for improvements in the contextualenvironment.Ultimately, for CDD to be sustained, it should be anchored within existingcontextual systems (government), frameworks (e.g., PRSP), and processes(decentralization), even where these are imperfect.

Keywords: community-driven development (CDD) ; Capacity strengthening ; case studies ; scaling up ; access to information ; poverty alleviation

Subject(s): Community/Rural/Urban Development

Issue Date: 2004

Publication Type: Working or Discussion Paper

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/60312

Total Pages: 79

Series Statement: FCND Discussion Paper

181

Record appears in: CGIAR > International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) > FCND Discussion Papers





Autor: Gillespie, Stuart

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/60312?ln=en







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