Federal Expenditures on Infants and Toddlers in 2007Report as inadecuate

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Urban Institute (NJ1)

Research suggests that investing in young children can help build a strong future workforce, improve children's educational success and health, and potentially reduce some of the social ills that drain the nation's resources and will. To have an informed conversation about future investments, it is important to start from an understanding of the baseline: What investments does this nation currently make in young children? Which programs and purposes are currently supported by federal investments, and which are not? This report provides such a baseline understanding and informs a national conversation about how best to invest the country's resources by examining federal expenditures on infants and toddlers, defined as children under age 3. The report looks at more than 100 programs through which the federal government spends money on children and calculates the amount spent on this population. These baseline estimates provide a place to start in gauging the priority the nation places on investing in very young children and in comparing the expenditure patterns to researchers' findings about investments that work. Furthermore, this report provides valuable information to a new presidential administration and Congress that will make critical budgetary decisions in troubled economic times. Given the developmental importance of children's early years, the interest in investing in young children (especially the most vulnerable), and the potential for return on this investment, the well-being of young children may figure more prominently in these future decisions. To inform these discussions, this report estimates federal expenditures on infants and toddlers and differentiates the key sources and types of funding that support them. In doing so, it brings into clearer focus the choices the nation faces in deciding how much to invest in its youngest citizens and how to make that investment. Data appendix with footnotes and references is included. (Contains 2 tables, 5 figures and 10 notes.) [This research was sponsored by the Irving Harris Foundation and The Buffett Early Childhood Fund.]

Descriptors: Expenditures, Toddlers, Infants, Federal Government, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Child Health, Wellness, Resource Allocation, Early Intervention, Child Development, Well Being, Child Welfare, Nutrition, At Risk Persons, Poverty, Stress Variables, Environmental Influences, Disadvantaged Youth, Access to Health Care, Access to Education, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, Housing, Income, Federal Programs, Social Services, Tax Credits, Taxes, Health Insurance, Child Care, Foster Care, Budgets, Low Income Groups

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Author: Macomber, Jennifer; Isaacs, Julia; Vericker, Tracy; Kent, Adam; Johnson, Paul

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=3523&id=ED508265

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