TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE IN ASIA: PRIORITIES THAT WILL FACILITATE TRADE WITH EUROPE Reportar como inadecuado




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This paper examines the implications of the rapid growth in demand for trade between Europe andAsia for the existing transportation network and logistics infrastructure. Trade between Asia and Europepotentially involves highways and railways, as well as ocean and air transportation. It is thus more complexthan the highly developed trade between Asia and the Americas, which is of necessity focused on ports andairports.Upgrading the infrastructure to support trade with Europe will require efforts in the followingmajor areas: 1) transportation and logistics technologies need to be improved and made compatible witheach other, 2) multimodalism and modal interconnectivity need to be fully implemented, 3) capacities haveto grow, facility efficiencies need to improve, 4) planning processes, and government policies need to beupdated.The nature and extent of the required changes depend on the role of each country in the region, aswell as the capabilities and utilization of the existing infrastructure. Based upon an assessment of eachcountry’s major transportation modes, their logistical infrastructure, and their use of IT, the forty-eightAsian countries were grouped into three categories according to their level of development.Leading economies of the region appear to be very successful and are highly competitive in globaltrade. They possess an overall adequate network but in some cases their facilities are limited by spaceconstraints or challenged by congestion. Suggestions include network optimization and use of hightechnology applications, such as ITS and EDI that can improve these countries’ efficiency and capacityutilization of the existing network.Developing countries of the region need to further implement best practices and attract funds forthe development of their infrastructure. The quality and extent of their transport networks vary and there isa lack of coordination and integration among modes. A lack of paved roads and regional inequalities arethe main concerns of their systems. These countries need to add infrastructure in all the different modes oftransportation sufficient for international and interregional trade, finalize the connections within the rail,ocean, and trucking industry to facilitate multimodal trade and expand the capacity of existing routes tokeep pace with traffic. They also need to attract foreign investment and lower taxation and tariffs in orderto assist their economy and global positioning.Poorer and less developed countries have inadequate or non-existent infrastructure. They lackpublic transit modes and old vehicles operate on a largely unpaved network. Freight traffic is severelyhampered by low speeds on low-capacity obsolete networks, which add delays and risks to the operation.Furthermore, cooperation with their neighboring countries is almost non-existing. These countries need tobuild or expand their basic infrastructure in order to assist in the transportation of their own products, andthey must be able to communicate much more effectively with the rest of the world. Because of theirlocation, some of these countries could play a greater role in international trade, but only if they achievepolitical stability and upgrade their networks to be compatible and connected with those of their neighbors.

Subject(s): Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies

Issue Date: 2005-03

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/208217

Total Pages: 20

Record appears in: Transportation Research Forum > 46th Annual Transportation Research Forum, Washington, D.C., March 6-8, 2005





Autor: Denoas, Nikolaos ; Martland, Carl

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/208217?ln=en







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