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Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, v110 n4 p269-273 Jul-Aug 2016

Certified transcribers, non-certified transcribers, volunteers, paraeducators, and teachers of students with visual impairments transcribe braille materials for K-12 students (those in kindergarten through 12th grade), and their training and level of preparedness varies greatly (Corn & Wall, 2002; Herzberg & Stough, 2007; Rosenblum & Herzberg, 2011). With the exception of conference sessions, courses offered by the Hadley School for the Blind, and university courses, there is not a national vehicle for individuals to easily and inexpensively refresh their knowledge of braille formatting, tactile graphics production, and braille codes, including the Nemeth Braille Code for Mathematics and Science Notation (hereafter referred to as Nemeth code). Data from the Herzberg and Rosenblum (2014) study regarding frequently occurring Nemeth code and formatting errors as well as variability in the production of tactile graphics were used in the development of an online refresher course. This article reports the results of a follow-up survey (referred to as the survey) of individuals who completed all course requirements. The University of South Carolina Upstate and the U.S. Department of Education (H235E090010) funded the development of the course. The following research questions were explored: (1) What knowledge about the Nemeth code, formatting of mathematics materials, and producing tactile graphics was gained through the completion of the online course? (2) What, if any, impact did the completion of the online course have on the way in which participants prepared mathematics materials in braille? and (3) What course features were helpful? Methods, results, limitations, and implications for the future are discussed.

Descriptors: Braille, Transcripts (Written Records), Blindness, Visual Impairments, Elementary Secondary Education, Followup Studies, Online Courses, Pretests Posttests, Mathematics Materials, Tactile Adaptation, Integrated Learning Systems, Course Content, Likert Scales, Distance Education, Electronic Learning, Online Surveys

American Foundation for the Blind. 11 Penn Plaza Suite 300, New York, NY 10001. Tel: 800-232-5463; Tel: 212-502-7600; e-mail: afbinfo[at]; Web site:

Autor: Herzberg, Tina S.; Rosenblum, L. Penny; Robbins, Mary E.


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