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Pathways: The Ontario Journal of Outdoor Education, v20 n4 p4-7 Sum 2008

This article explores education, outdoor education and activism, and the complex ways these constructs interact. The author introduces here a concept she has named appreciative resistance to describe activism that is hopeful, and respectful towards activists and those with whom they disagree. It is the author's hope that a positive approach to activism will enable students to learn and experience engaged citizenship and as such may be helpful for outdoor educators to include as a part of their practices. The idea of appreciative resistance draws on appreciative inquiry, an action research methodology based in a model of positive thought called the appreciative paradigm, and on ethics literature in environmental education. Following an explanation of appreciative resistance, the author offers some nuts and bolts strategies for educators who wish to incorporate appreciative resistance into their work.

Descriptors: Outdoor Education, Environmental Education, Action Research, Ethics, Activism, Citizenship, Teachers

Council of Outdoor Educators of Ontario. 1185 Eglinton Avenue East, Toronto, Ontario, M3C 3C6, Canada. e-mail: info[at]; Web site:

Author: Niblett, Blair


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