Mapping the Growth of Statewide Voucher Programs in the United States. Informing Policy and Improving Practice. Policy BriefReportar como inadecuado

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Center for Evaluation and Education Policy, Indiana University

This brief focuses solely on currently operating statewide, general education voucher programs which have income eligibility requirements. In this brief, students in a general education program refer to students whose education is not guided by an Individualized Education Program (IEP). The term general education (classroom, curriculum, setting) is borrowed from the literature on special education (e.g., Huefner, 2006). Voucher programs meeting these criteria currently exist in Wisconsin, Ohio, Indiana, and Louisiana. The first statewide voucher program for students in general education programs was established in 1999 in Florida, and Ohio began implementing its statewide program in 2006, but it was not until the last five years that unprecedented growth in statewide voucher programs occurred. Since 2011, two statewide voucher programs have been launched (Indiana and Louisiana), another initially local program in Wisconsin was expanded by changing its eligibility requirements to accommodate the whole state, one program was launched and promptly deemed unconstitutional (North Carolina), and the Ohio statewide program has expanded funding and eligibility. The recent growth in statewide voucher programs in the U.S. warrants a closer examination comparing these programs and their potential policy implications. Areas of focus in this brief include: (1) state policy context, program establishment, and history; (2) voucher amounts; (3) student eligibility and selection; (4) eligibility and accountability criteria for participating private schools; and (5) legal challenges. This brief explores the implications of the establishment of new statewide voucher programs and the expansion of existing programs.

Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, State Programs, General Education, State Policy, Eligibility, Accountability, Private Schools, Court Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education

Center for Evaluation and Education Policy. 1900 East Tenth Street, Bloomington, IN 47406-7512. Tel: 800-511-6575; Tel: 812-855-4438; Fax: 812-856-5890; e-mail: ceep[at]; Web site:

Autor: Cierniak, Katherine; Stewart, Molly; Ruddy, Anne-Maree


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