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Food loss and waste in Timor-Leste has been identified as a critical factor contributing to human undernutrition. Our project enhances natural scavenging systems by improved poultry production, with improved management, vaccination against Newcastle Disease (ND) and logistical support. We are working with the University of Sydney to implement the sustainable use of heat tolerant ND vaccine, administered as eye drops triennially by trained paraveterinarians. The Australian Department of Agriculture and Water Resources conceived and jointly manages the project with the Timor- Leste Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. They provide training in national biosecurity and biosecurity practices applicable to village poultry. Management systems are supported with locally made shelter to protect from predation. With the help of Berrimah Veterinary Laboratory we are improving cold chain management and vaccine potency verification. The project is funded by the Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Increased poultry production with these improved systems leads to improved scavenging systems – more hens equals more effective searching for scraps, insects and other invertebrates as they fend for themselves with minimal carbohydrate input provided by their owners. In return more hens are available to produce eggs for sale or chickens for consumption. Each of these activities results in better availability of balanced protein and bioavailable micronutrients for growing and lactating humans. Once households observe that their flock dynamics are no longer subject to dramatic decreases, the consumption of eggs becomes an option rather than prioritising them for hatching to obtain replacement birds.

Keywords: village poultry ; vaccine ; protein ; nutrition ; women and girls

Subject(s): Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety

Livestock Production/Industries

Issue Date: Aug 29 2016

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

Language: English

Total Pages: 11

Record appears in: Crawford Fund > 2016: Waste Not, Want Not: The Circular Economy of Food Security, 29-30 August 2016

Autor: Jong, Joanita Bendita da Costa


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