Establishment of Mands Following Tact Training as a Function of Reinforcer StrengthReport as inadecuate

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Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, v39 n1 p17?24 Spr 2006

We examined some conditions under which a response acquired as a tact might facilitate the establishment of a mand. We taught 3 participants with developmental disabilities to tact the items ranked highest and lowest in a preference assessment and subsequently tested to see if the responses occurred as mands. All participants manded for the highly preferred item but rarely manded for the nonpreferred item. These results indicate that, although tact and mand functions are different, conditions can be created to facilitate transfer from the former to the latter. Implications for communication training are discussed. (Contains 2 figures.)

Descriptors: Needs, Responses, Developmental Disabilities, Verbal Communication, Speech Communication, Adults, Communication Skills, Patterned Responses, Conditioning, Language Skills, Skill Development, Verbal Stimuli, Training Methods, Transfer of Training, Reinforcement, Mental Retardation

Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Available from: Department of Applied Behavioral Science. Kansas University, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045-2133. Tel: 785-841-4425; Fax: 785-841-4425; e-mail: behavior[at]; Web site:

Author: Wallace, Michele D.; Iwata, Brian A.; Hanley, Gregory P.


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